Why do I have white gums?


Did you know that gums can say a lot about our state of health? That’s right, and when they change color slightly and turn pale or have whitish spots or lesions, it is important to pay attention to them and identify the exact cause of such symptoms. It is possible that in most cases they do not constitute a serious health problem, but in other cases they may reveal the condition of a condition or pathology that requires a medical diagnosis and an adequate treatment for its cure.

Therefore, we insist on the importance of not neglecting the health of your gums and remain alert to any alteration or anomaly that occurs in them. If you want to find answers to the question “why do I have white gums”, keep reading this article in which we explain it in detail.


  • Accumulation of bacterial plaque
  • Canker sores or canker sores
  • Oral candidiasis
  • Lichen planus oral
  • Anemia
  • Mouth cancer

Accumulation of bacterial plaque

One of the causes of the most common and frequent white gums is the accumulation of bacterial plaque, because it is a kind of whitish-yellowish film that adheres to the teeth, gums and tongue after eating. If this is not eliminated daily, it can cause an excessive accumulation of it and become tartar, which in addition to the formation of cavities, could irritate and inflame the gums and cause bad breath.

To avoid white spots on the gums due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque, it is very important to acquire good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing your teeth after each meal and completing the cleaning with the use of dental floss and a mouthwash. In addition to this, it is necessary to go to the dentist on a regular basis and perform the appropriate professional dental cleanings.

Discover more details to take care of your mouth correctly by consulting the article How to remove dental plaque.

Canker sores or canker sores

At other times, the lesion or whitish spot seen on the gums corresponds to a canker sore or ulcer. This type of lesions can appear in any part of the oral cavity, such as the gums, lips, tongue and the inside of the cheeks. Its causes are very diverse and among them are accidentally biting, having a broken tooth, poorly fitting dental prostheses, wearing braces, stress, having low defenses, hormonal alterations, a lack of vitamins and minerals in the diet, etc.

In most cases, canker sores disappear spontaneously after a few days, but if after about 2 weeks, the lesion remains in the oral cavity, you should consult with the doctor. To speed up your healing, you can use a homemade rinse made with water and a little salt or buy one of the anesthetic mouthwashes that are sold in pharmacies. In addition, it is recommended that you avoid the consumption of very hot foods or beverages, as well as foods that are too full, spicy or acidic. If you want to see more treatment options, see the article How to cure sores in the mouth.

Oral candidiasis

White gums may also be due to the condition of oral candidiasis, a fungal infection in the oral cavity caused by the overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans. This excessive proliferation usually occurs when the patient’s immune system weakens for some reason.

Its main symptoms are the appearance of whitish and prominent plaques or portions that initially appear on the inside of the cheeks and tongue, later extending to the gums, the lateral and upper areas of the mouth and throat. In addition, these are usually accompanied by pain when swallowing, dry mouth and possible bleeding when the injuries are handled or scraped.

It is advisable to go to the doctor to treat oral candidiasis with the appropriate antifungal drugs and also take care of oral hygiene by gently brushing the teeth after eating and avoiding scraping the whitish lesions. Discover more details in the article How to cure oral candidiasis.

Lichen planus oral

Oral lichen planus is another of the diseases that can answer the question of why I have white gums. This condition occurs with a kind of prurigrinosa eruption in the mouth and although the exact cause is unknown, it has been indicated that it may be associated with some type of allergic or immune reaction.

In this case, the lesions observed can be located both on the tongue and on the inside of the cheeks and gums. They have a bluish-white color and form a kind of lace-like lines. Sometimes, they end up causing the formation of very painful ulcers and may be accompanied by a metallic taste in the mouth and dry mouth.

To treat oral lichen planus, you can prescribe antihistamine medications, mouth rinses with lidocaine, oral corticosteroids, vitamin A orally, among others.


When the gums look whitish, pale and bleed easily, it can be an indication of anemia. This condition occurs due to a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood and as a result it causes an inadequate oxygenation of the different tissues of the body.

In addition to the paleness or loss of color in the gums and skin, anemia can cause other symptoms such as tiredness, dizziness, confusion, heart palpitations, drowsiness, shortness of breath, headaches, dizziness, low blood pressure, among others.

It is necessary to go to the doctor before the mentioned symptoms to initiate the appropriate treatment in each case, since this will depend on the cause and the state of health in which the patient is. In the following article, we explain in detail how to know if you have anemia.

Mouth cancer

Finally, another possible cause of white gums could be the suffering of oral or oral cancer, although this does not always manifest with visible symptoms, so it is very important to have regular dental and medical check-ups. This is a type of cancer that usually compromises the health of the lips or the tongue, although it can also affect other areas such as the inside of the cheeks, gums and palate.

Among the symptoms that can cause and deserve to visit your doctor is a canker sore on the lips, gums or inside the mouth that bleeds or does not heal, the presence of a lump in the oral cavity, the numbness of any area of ​​the mouth, the appearance of white or red spots on the gums, tongue or somewhere inside the mouth, difficulty swallowing or chewing, pain for no apparent reason, swelling of the jaw and changes in the voice.

In the following article, you can learn about How to treat cancer of the mouth, throat, neck and larynx.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any kind of diagnosis. We advise you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles like Why I have white gums, we recommend that you check our category of Family Health.